- blow1 W3S2 [bləu US blou] v past tense blew [blu:] past participle blown [ US bloun]▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(wind moving)¦2¦(wind moving something)¦3¦(air from your mouth)¦4¦(make a noise)¦5¦(violence)¦6¦(lose an opportunity)¦7¦(waste money)¦8 blow your nose9 blow somebody a kiss10¦(electricity stops)¦11¦(tyre)¦12¦(make a shape)¦13¦(surprise/annoyance)¦14¦(tell a secret)¦15 blow somebody's mind16 blow your top/stack/cool16 blow a fuse/gasket17 blow the whistle on somebody18 blow something (up) out of (all) proportion19 blow your own trumpet19 blow your own horn20 blow somebody/something out of the water21 blow hot and cold22 blow something sky-highPhrasal verbsblow sb<=> awayblow downblow inblow somebody/something<=>offblow outblow overblow up▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[: Old English; Origin: blawan]1.) ¦(WIND MOVING)¦ [I and T]if the wind or a current of air blows, it moves▪ A cold breeze was blowing hard .▪ It was blowing from an easterly direction.▪ Outside, the weather was blowing a gale .2.) ¦(WIND MOVING SOMETHING)¦ [I,T usually + adverb/preposition]to move or to move something by the force of the wind or a current of air▪ Her hair was blowing in the breeze.▪ The wind blew the rain into our faces.▪ My ticket blew away.blow (sth) open/shut▪ A sudden draught blew the door shut .3.) ¦(AIR FROM YOUR MOUTH)¦ [I,T always + adverb/preposition]to send air out from your mouthblow (sth) into/onto/out etc▪ She blew onto her coffee to cool it down.▪ He blew the smoke right in my face.▪ You'll have to blow harder than that!4.) ¦(MAKE A NOISE)¦ [I and T]to make a sound by passing air through a whistle, horn etc▪ The whistle blew for halftime.▪ A truck went by and blew its horn at her.5.) ¦(VIOLENCE)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]to damage or destroy something violently with an explosion or by shootingblow sth away/out/off sth▪ Part of his leg had been blown off.blow sth/sb to pieces/bits/smithereens▪ A bomb like that could blow you to bits.6.) ¦(LOSE AN OPPORTUNITY)¦ [T] informalto lose a good opportunity by making a mistake or by being careless▪ We've blown our chances of getting that contract.▪ You've got a great future ahead of you. Don't blow it .7.) ¦(WASTE MONEY)¦ [T] informalto spend a lot of money in a careless way, especially on one thing▪ I blew all the money I won on a trip to Hawaii.8.) blow your noseto clean your nose by forcing air through it into a cloth or a piece of soft paper9.) blow sb a kissto kiss your hand and then pretend to blow the kiss towards someone▪ She leant out of the window and blew him a kiss.10.) ¦(ELECTRICITY STOPS)¦ [I and T]if an electrical ↑fuse blows, or a piece of electrical equipment blows a fuse, the electricity suddenly stops working because a thin wire has melted▪ The floodlights blew a fuse.11.) ¦(TYRE)¦ [I and T]if a tyre blows or if a car blows a tyre, it bursts12.) ¦(MAKE A SHAPE)¦ [T]to make or shape something by sending air out from your mouth▪ The kids were blowing bubbles in the backyard.blow glass(=shape glass by blowing into it when it is very hot and soft)13.) ¦(SURPRISE/ANNOYANCE)¦blow/blow me/blow it etcBrE spoken said to show annoyance or surprise▪ Blow it! I forgot to phone Jane.▪ Blow me down if she didn't just run off!▪ Well, I'm blowed !14.) ¦(TELL A SECRET)¦ [T]to make known something that was meant to be a secret▪ Your coming here has blown the whole operation.blow sb's cover(=make known what someone's real job or name is)▪ It would only take one phone call to blow his cover.15.) blow sb's mindspoken to make you feel very surprised and excited by something▪ Seeing her again really blew my mind.16.) blow your top/stack/cool also blow a fuse/gasket informalto become extremely angry quickly or suddenly▪ One day, I just blew my top and hit him.17.) blow the whistle on sb informalto tell someone in authority about something wrong that someone is doing▪ He blew the whistle on his colleagues.18.) blow sth (up) out of (all) proportionto make something seem much more serious or important than it is▪ The issue was blown up out of all proportion.19.) blow your own trumpetespecially BrE also blow your own hornAmE informal to talk a lot about your own achievements - used to show disapproval▪ Dave spent the whole evening blowing his own trumpet.20.) blow sb/sth out of the waterto defeat someone or something that you are competing with, or to achieve much more than they do▪ Motown had blown all the other record companies out of the water.21.) blow hot and coldBrE informal to keep changing your attitude towards someone or something22.) blow sth sky-highBrE to destroy an idea, plan etc by showing that it cannot be true or effective▪ This new information blows his theory sky-high.blow sb away [blow sb<=> away] phr v1.) to make someone feel very surprised, especially about something they like or admire▪ It just blows me away, the way everyone's so friendly round here.2.) to kill someone by shooting them with a gun▪ One move and I'll blow you away!3.) to defeat someone completely, especially in a game▪ Nancy blew away the rest of the skaters.blow down phr vif the wind blows something down, or if something blows down, the wind makes it fall▪ The garden gate has blown down.blow sth<=>down▪ Several trees were blown down in the night.blow in phr v1.) also blow into sthinformal to arrive in a place, especially suddenly▪ Jim blew in about an hour ago.▪ Guess who's just blown into town ?2.) if a storm or bad weather blows in, it arrives and begins to affect a particular area▪ The first snowstorm blew in from the north.blow off [blow sb/sth<=>off] phr v1.) to treat someone or something as unimportant, for example by not meeting someone or not going to an event▪ Tanya just blew me off - she said she didn't want to see me any more.▪ Bud got into trouble for blowing off the meeting.2.) blow the lid off sthto make known something that was secret, especially something involving important or famous people▪ Her book blew the lid off the Reagan years.3.) blow sb's head offto kill someone by shooting them in the head4.) blow off steamAmE to get rid of anger or energy by doing somethingBritish Equivalent: let off steam▪ I went jogging to blow off some steam.blow out phr v1.) if you blow a flame or a fire out, or if it blows out, it stops burning▪ The match blew out in the wind.blow sth<=>out▪ Blow out all the candles.2.) if a tyre blows out, it bursts3.) blow itself outif a storm blows itself out, it ends4.) blow your/sb's brains outto kill yourself or someone else with a shot to the head5.) blow sb<=>outAmE spoken to easily defeat someone▪ We blew them out 28 - 0.6.) AmE if you blow out your knee or another joint in your body, or if it blows out, you injure it badly7.) if an oil or gas ↑well blows out, oil or gas suddenly escapes from it8.) blow sb outto stop having a friendship or relationship with someoneblow over phr v1.) if the wind blows something over, or if something blows over, the wind makes it fall▪ Our fence blew over in the storm.blow sth<=>over▪ The hurricane blew some palm trees over.2.) if an argument or unpleasant situation blows over, it ends or is forgotten▪ They weren't speaking to each other, but I think it's blown over now.3.) if a storm blows over, it goes awayblow up phr v1.) to destroy something, or to be destroyed, by an explosion▪ The plane blew up in mid-air.blow sth<=>up▪ Rebels attempted to blow up the bridge.2.) blow sth<=>upto fill something with air or gas▪ Can you blow up this balloon ?▪ We'll blow the tyres up .3.) if a situation, argument etc blows up, it suddenly becomes important or dangerous▪ A crisis had blown up over the peace talks.4.) blow sth<=>upif you blow up a photograph, you make it larger= ↑enlarge▪ How much would it cost to have this photo blown up?5.) informal to become very angry with someone▪ Jenny's father blew up when she didn't come home last night.blow up at▪ I was surprised at the way he blew up at Hardy.6.) if bad weather blows up, it suddenly arrives▪ It looks as if there's a storm blowing up.7.) blow up in sb's faceif something you have done or planned to do blows up in your face, it suddenly goes wrong▪ One of his deals had just blown up in his face.blow 2blow2 W3 n▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(BAD EFFECT )¦2¦(hard hit)¦3¦(blowing)¦4 come to blows (with somebody)5 soften/cushion the blow6 low blow▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[Sense: 1-2, 4-6; Date: 1400-1500; Origin: Origin unknown.][Sense: 3; Date: 1600-1700; Origin: BLOW1]1.) ¦(BAD EFFECT )¦an action or event that causes difficulty or sadness for someone▪ Joe resigned, which was a severe blow because we needed him desperately.▪ His mother's death was a shattering blow .▪ The election result dealt a further blow to the party.▪ The factory closures came as a blow to the local economy.▪ The final blow for many firms was the government's abolition of import duties.2.) ¦(HARD HIT)¦a hard hit with someone's hand, a tool, or a weapon▪ She died from a heavy blow to the head.▪ He struck a blow which threw her to the floor.▪ Martin received a blow on the nose.▪ He had been struck a glancing blow (=a blow that did not hit him directly) by the car.blow to▪ He gave her a violent blow to the head.3.) ¦(BLOWING)¦an action of blowing▪ One big blow and the candles were out.4.) come to blows (with sb)if two people come to blows, they start arguing or hitting each other because they disagree about somethingcome to blows (with somebody) over▪ They almost came to blows over the money.5.) soften/cushion the blowto make something unpleasant easier for someone to accept▪ A reduction in interest rates would soften the blow of tax increases.6.) low blowAmE informal something unkind you say to deliberately embarrass or upset someone→strike a blow for sb/sth at ↑strike1 (13)▬▬▬▬▬▬▬COLLOCATES for sense 1serious/severe/major blowshattering/devastating/bitter blow (=something that makes you extremely disappointed and upset)cruel/heavy/grievous blowdeal a blow (to somebody/something)/deal (somebody/something) a blowstrike a blowsuffer/receive a blowcome as a blow (to somebody)fatal/final/mortal blow (=one that ends something)▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.