blow1 W3S2 [bləu US blou] v past tense blew [blu:] past participle blown [ US bloun]
1¦(wind moving)¦
2¦(wind moving something)¦
3¦(air from your mouth)¦
4¦(make a noise)¦
6¦(lose an opportunity)¦
7¦(waste money)¦
8 blow your nose
9 blow somebody a kiss
10¦(electricity stops)¦
12¦(make a shape)¦
14¦(tell a secret)¦
15 blow somebody's mind
16 blow your top/stack/cool
16 blow a fuse/gasket
17 blow the whistle on somebody
18 blow something (up) out of (all) proportion
19 blow your own trumpet
19 blow your own horn
20 blow somebody/something out of the water
21 blow hot and cold
22 blow something sky-high
Phrasal verbs
 blow sb<=> away
 blow down
 blow in
 blow somebody/something<=>off
 blow out
 blow over
 blow up
[: Old English; Origin: blawan]
1.) ¦(WIND MOVING)¦ [I and T]
if the wind or a current of air blows, it moves
A cold breeze was blowing hard .
It was blowing from an easterly direction.
Outside, the weather was blowing a gale .
2.) ¦(WIND MOVING SOMETHING)¦ [I,T usually + adverb/preposition]
to move or to move something by the force of the wind or a current of air
Her hair was blowing in the breeze.
The wind blew the rain into our faces.
My ticket blew away.
blow (sth) open/shut
A sudden draught blew the door shut .
3.) ¦(AIR FROM YOUR MOUTH)¦ [I,T always + adverb/preposition]
to send air out from your mouth
blow (sth) into/onto/out etc
She blew onto her coffee to cool it down.
He blew the smoke right in my face.
You'll have to blow harder than that!
4.) ¦(MAKE A NOISE)¦ [I and T]
to make a sound by passing air through a whistle, horn etc
The whistle blew for halftime.
A truck went by and blew its horn at her.
5.) ¦(VIOLENCE)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to damage or destroy something violently with an explosion or by shooting
blow sth away/out/off sth
Part of his leg had been blown off.
blow sth/sb to pieces/bits/smithereens
A bomb like that could blow you to bits.
6.) ¦(LOSE AN OPPORTUNITY)¦ [T] informal
to lose a good opportunity by making a mistake or by being careless
We've blown our chances of getting that contract.
You've got a great future ahead of you. Don't blow it .
7.) ¦(WASTE MONEY)¦ [T] informal
to spend a lot of money in a careless way, especially on one thing
I blew all the money I won on a trip to Hawaii.
8.) blow your nose
to clean your nose by forcing air through it into a cloth or a piece of soft paper
9.) blow sb a kiss
to kiss your hand and then pretend to blow the kiss towards someone
She leant out of the window and blew him a kiss.
10.) ¦(ELECTRICITY STOPS)¦ [I and T]
if an electrical ↑fuse blows, or a piece of electrical equipment blows a fuse, the electricity suddenly stops working because a thin wire has melted
The floodlights blew a fuse.
11.) ¦(TYRE)¦ [I and T]
if a tyre blows or if a car blows a tyre, it bursts
12.) ¦(MAKE A SHAPE)¦ [T]
to make or shape something by sending air out from your mouth
The kids were blowing bubbles in the backyard.
blow glass
(=shape glass by blowing into it when it is very hot and soft)
blow/blow me/blow it etc
BrE spoken said to show annoyance or surprise
Blow it! I forgot to phone Jane.
Blow me down if she didn't just run off!
Well, I'm blowed !
14.) ¦(TELL A SECRET)¦ [T]
to make known something that was meant to be a secret
Your coming here has blown the whole operation.
blow sb's cover
(=make known what someone's real job or name is)
It would only take one phone call to blow his cover.
15.) blow sb's mind
spoken to make you feel very surprised and excited by something
Seeing her again really blew my mind.
16.) blow your top/stack/cool also blow a fuse/gasket informal
to become extremely angry quickly or suddenly
One day, I just blew my top and hit him.
17.) blow the whistle on sb informal
to tell someone in authority about something wrong that someone is doing
He blew the whistle on his colleagues.
18.) blow sth (up) out of (all) proportion
to make something seem much more serious or important than it is
The issue was blown up out of all proportion.
19.) blow your own trumpet
especially BrE also blow your own horn
AmE informal to talk a lot about your own achievements - used to show disapproval
Dave spent the whole evening blowing his own trumpet.
20.) blow sb/sth out of the water
to defeat someone or something that you are competing with, or to achieve much more than they do
Motown had blown all the other record companies out of the water.
21.) blow hot and cold
BrE informal to keep changing your attitude towards someone or something
22.) blow sth sky-high
BrE to destroy an idea, plan etc by showing that it cannot be true or effective
This new information blows his theory sky-high.
blow sb away [blow sb<=> away] phr v
1.) to make someone feel very surprised, especially about something they like or admire
It just blows me away, the way everyone's so friendly round here.
2.) to kill someone by shooting them with a gun
One move and I'll blow you away!
3.) to defeat someone completely, especially in a game
Nancy blew away the rest of the skaters.
blow down phr v
if the wind blows something down, or if something blows down, the wind makes it fall
The garden gate has blown down.
blow sth<=>down
Several trees were blown down in the night.
blow in phr v
1.) also blow into sth
informal to arrive in a place, especially suddenly
Jim blew in about an hour ago.
Guess who's just blown into town ?
2.) if a storm or bad weather blows in, it arrives and begins to affect a particular area
The first snowstorm blew in from the north.
blow off [blow sb/sth<=>off] phr v
1.) to treat someone or something as unimportant, for example by not meeting someone or not going to an event
Tanya just blew me off - she said she didn't want to see me any more.
Bud got into trouble for blowing off the meeting.
2.) blow the lid off sth
to make known something that was secret, especially something involving important or famous people
Her book blew the lid off the Reagan years.
3.) blow sb's head off
to kill someone by shooting them in the head
4.) blow off steam
AmE to get rid of anger or energy by doing something
British Equivalent: let off steam
I went jogging to blow off some steam.
blow out phr v
1.) if you blow a flame or a fire out, or if it blows out, it stops burning
The match blew out in the wind.
blow sth<=>out
Blow out all the candles.
2.) if a tyre blows out, it bursts
3.) blow itself out
if a storm blows itself out, it ends
4.) blow your/sb's brains out
to kill yourself or someone else with a shot to the head
5.) blow sb<=>out
AmE spoken to easily defeat someone
We blew them out 28 - 0.
6.) AmE if you blow out your knee or another joint in your body, or if it blows out, you injure it badly
7.) if an oil or gas ↑well blows out, oil or gas suddenly escapes from it
8.) blow sb out
to stop having a friendship or relationship with someone
blow over phr v
1.) if the wind blows something over, or if something blows over, the wind makes it fall
Our fence blew over in the storm.
blow sth<=>over
The hurricane blew some palm trees over.
2.) if an argument or unpleasant situation blows over, it ends or is forgotten
They weren't speaking to each other, but I think it's blown over now.
3.) if a storm blows over, it goes away
blow up phr v
1.) to destroy something, or to be destroyed, by an explosion
The plane blew up in mid-air.
blow sth<=>up
Rebels attempted to blow up the bridge.
2.) blow sth<=>up
to fill something with air or gas
Can you blow up this balloon ?
We'll blow the tyres up .
3.) if a situation, argument etc blows up, it suddenly becomes important or dangerous
A crisis had blown up over the peace talks.
4.) blow sth<=>up
if you blow up a photograph, you make it larger
= ↑enlarge
How much would it cost to have this photo blown up?
5.) informal to become very angry with someone
Jenny's father blew up when she didn't come home last night.
blow up at
I was surprised at the way he blew up at Hardy.
6.) if bad weather blows up, it suddenly arrives
It looks as if there's a storm blowing up.
7.) blow up in sb's face
if something you have done or planned to do blows up in your face, it suddenly goes wrong
One of his deals had just blown up in his face.
blow 2
blow2 W3 n
2¦(hard hit)¦
4 come to blows (with somebody)
5 soften/cushion the blow
6 low blow
[Sense: 1-2, 4-6; Date: 1400-1500; Origin: Origin unknown.]
[Sense: 3; Date: 1600-1700; Origin: BLOW1]
1.) ¦(BAD EFFECT )¦
an action or event that causes difficulty or sadness for someone
Joe resigned, which was a severe blow because we needed him desperately.
His mother's death was a shattering blow .
The election result dealt a further blow to the party.
The factory closures came as a blow to the local economy.
The final blow for many firms was the government's abolition of import duties.
2.) ¦(HARD HIT)¦
a hard hit with someone's hand, a tool, or a weapon
She died from a heavy blow to the head.
He struck a blow which threw her to the floor.
Martin received a blow on the nose.
He had been struck a glancing blow (=a blow that did not hit him directly) by the car.
blow to
He gave her a violent blow to the head.
3.) ¦(BLOWING)¦
an action of blowing
One big blow and the candles were out.
4.) come to blows (with sb)
if two people come to blows, they start arguing or hitting each other because they disagree about something
come to blows (with somebody) over
They almost came to blows over the money.
5.) soften/cushion the blow
to make something unpleasant easier for someone to accept
A reduction in interest rates would soften the blow of tax increases.
6.) low blow
AmE informal something unkind you say to deliberately embarrass or upset someone
strike a blow for sb/sth atstrike1 (13)
COLLOCATES for sense 1
serious/severe/major blow
shattering/devastating/bitter blow (=something that makes you extremely disappointed and upset)
cruel/heavy/grievous blow
deal a blow (to somebody/something)/deal (somebody/something) a blow
strike a blow
suffer/receive a blow
come as a blow (to somebody)
fatal/final/mortal blow (=one that ends something)

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.


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